Facts about the Smithsonian Institution
The Smithsonian Institution is a museum and research complex of 19 museums and galleries and the National Zoological Park, as well as research facilities.
- Anacostia Community Museum
Arts and Industries Building*
- Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum (New York City)
- Freer Gallery of Art
- Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
- National Air and Space Museum
- National Air and Space Museum’s Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center (Chantilly, Va.)
- National Museum of African American History and Culture**
- National Museum of African Art
- National Museum of American History
- National Museum of the American Indian
- National Museum of the American Indian’s George Gustav Heye Center (New York City)
- National Museum of Natural History
- National Portrait Gallery
- National Postal Museum
- Renwick Gallery
- Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
- Smithsonian American Art Museum
- Smithsonian Institution Building (“Castle”)
*Closed for renovation.
**The National Museum of African American History and Culture is scheduled to open in fall 2016 on a National Mall site between the Washington Monument and the National Museum of American History.
Budget—The Smithsonian’s federal appropriation for fiscal year 2015 (Oct. 1, 2014–Sept. 30, 2015) is $819.5 million. The Institution is about 60 percent federally funded (a combination of the congressional appropriation and federal grants and contracts). In addition, the Smithsonian has trust funds or non-federal funds, which include contributions from private sources (endowments; donations from individuals, corporations and foundations; and memberships) and revenues from the Smithsonian Enterprises operation (magazines, mail-order catalog, product development, entertainment, shops, restaurants and concessions).
Visitors—There were more than 28 million visits to the museums and the National Zoo in 2014. Admission to all Smithsonian museums in Washington is free. The museums are open seven days a week. (The Smithsonian is closed on Christmas Day.) A visitor’s center is located in the “Castle.”
Smithsonian Collections—The total number of objects, works of art and specimens at the Smithsonian is estimated at nearly 138 million, including more than 127 million specimens and artifacts at the National Museum of Natural History.
Smithsonian Affiliations—Through this ambitious program of long-term loans of collections of artifacts and the expertise of its staff, the Smithsonian shares its vast collection and programmatic resources with museums and educational institutions around the country. There are more than 195 affiliates in more than 45 states, Puerto Rico and Panama. For more information, visit www.affiliations.si.edu.
Traveling Exhibitions—The Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service (SITES) organizes exhibitions on art, history and science and circulates them around the country. Each year, SITES travels more than 40 exhibitions to hundreds of U.S. cities and towns in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, where they are viewed by millions of people.
Research Facilities—These include Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Museum Conservation Institute, Smithsonian Institution Libraries, Smithsonian Institution Archives, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and the Marine Station at Fort Pierce, Fla.
Digital—The Smithsonian home page, www.smithsonian.org, offers a wide range of information, from planning a visit to exploring the collections online. Also, the Smithsonian had 99 million unique visitors to its website in 2014, and has more than 30 mobile apps, digital magazines and more than 9 million images and records on the Collections Search Center site. The Smithsonian is fully engaged in all social media.
History—Established with funds from James Smithson (1765–1829), a British scientist who left his estate to the United States to found “at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institution, an establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge.”
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